Kasongan Yogyakarta Pottery Crafts – In this day and age, efforts to maintain and preserve national culture have become very important. One way to do this is to preserve traditional handicrafts. One of the very famous handicraft locations in the city of Yogyakarta is Kasongan Pottery Crafts. These arts and crafts are believed to be part of Indonesia’s unique cultural heritage, and are part of Yogyakarta’s rich identity.
Kasongan Yogyakarta Pottery Crafts
Talking about the Pottery Craft Village in Yogyakarta, it is inevitable to mention Kasongan. Kasongan Village is an area in Yogyakarta that has long been known as a center for pottery. This village is located in Bangunjiwo District, Bantul, and is approximately 7 kilometers from the center of Yogyakarta City. With its strategic location and access to abundant raw materials, Kasongan has become a center for the development of well-known pottery crafts in Yogyakarta.
Yogyakarta’s Kasongan Pottery Craft has a long and rich history. According to historical records, pottery craftsmen have existed since the ancient Mataram kingdom in the 9th century. At that time, pottery was considered an object that had high value for daily use. Rural communities around the Kasongan area, which is rich in clay and agricultural activities, are inspired to process the available natural materials into artistic products.
Pottery is made using traditional techniques that have been passed down from generation to generation. The basic ingredient for this craft is clay, which is then processed and shaped in quite a complicated way. Pottery craftsmen follow the steps of rolling, compacting and forming the clay into the desired shape. Next, the earthenware will be dried in the sun for several days until it is completely dry.
After the drying process is complete, the pottery is ready to be polished and decorated with various motifs or drawings. The most typical decoration is using relief techniques or carvings that are produced manually. The motifs used are inspired by daily life, flora and fauna, or beautiful geometric shapes. The craftsmen carefully carve and shape every detail on the pottery, resulting in products with high artistic value.
Kasongan has become a center for Yogyakarta Pottery Crafts, with more than 500 families involved in this field. The people of Kasongan have long depended on their livelihood from the pottery craft business. However, along the way, pottery has also undergone developments and changes. In the past, pottery was only used for daily needs, such as containers or kitchen utensils. However, over time, Kasongan pottery has become more and more aesthetic and is now the choice of many art collectors.
One of the important factors in the development of Yogyakarta Kasongan Pottery Crafts is the presence of a pro-active government policy in supporting the development of local handicrafts. The Yogyakarta regional government is aware of the potential possessed by Kasongan Pottery Crafts and has made various efforts to promote and develop this craft. One way is by holding art exhibitions that invite pottery craftsmen to show off their work and establish relationships with potential buyers who come from various regions.
Apart from that, the Yogyakarta Kasongan Pottery Craft also continues to innovate in terms of product design and quality. Many young craftsmen study and train under the guidance of more experienced craftsmen, in order to produce better works. They also try to develop the export market by marketing their products to various countries, so that Indonesian culture and artistic values can be recognized internationally.
Kasongan Yogyakarta pottery is not just an ordinary handicraft, but is also a reflection of the richness of Indonesian culture and traditions. Through this craft, we can see how creative the Kasongan people are in producing works that are beautiful and have high artistic value. This pottery craft is also a source of livelihood for the Kasongan people, and vitalizes the local economy.
In closing, Yogyakarta’s Kasongan Pottery Craft is a cultural heritage that must be appreciated and protected. These crafts are not only works of high art, but also contain deep meaning for the people of Kasongan and Yogyakarta in general. Support from the government, craftsmen and the community itself is very necessary to maintain and develop Kasongan Pottery Crafts so that they continue from generation to generation, as a symbol of Indonesia’s cultural richness.